The School Of Shotokan Karate-Do (New Delhi, India)
SSK Shotokan Karate Tai Chi Credits Disclaimer

Japanese Translations

Pronunciation Guide

Vowels All vowels are short and pronounced as follows:
         "a" as in "father"
         "i" as in "teen" except shorter
         "u" as in "boot" except shorter
         "e" as in "bet"
         "o" as in "boat" except shorter and without the off-glide

Longer vowel sounds are the same sounds as above, but given more time.

         "aa"  a longer "a"
         "ii" a longer "i"
         "uu" a longer "u"
         "ei" a longer "e"
         "oh" a longer "o"

Except for the above, if you see two or more vowels in a row, they are each pronounced clearly without becoming a single diphthong. An apostrophe is used where a glottal stop occurs (like between the "n" and the second "a" when pronouncing "an apple").

Consonants Consonants always take their "hard" sounds. So "gi" is pronounced with a hard "g" (i.e., not "ji"). "Ch" is always as in "cheese."
- Hyphens don't mean anything but serve to distinguish separate syllables when it might be ambiguous, or to separate a word into two semantic parts. There shouldn't be a pause for hyphens.
() Parentheses are used whenever a word might be omitted by some people, or if the translation could mean more than one thing. For example, "nukite," literally only means "spear hand," which is just the name of the "weapon" you form with your hand, but it is also often used to mean the attack, "spear-hand thrust." So "thrust" is in parentheses.
"" Quotation marks are used on the English side to distinguish between literal translations of the Japanese terms from their more figurative meanings (quotes indicate literal translation).
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